The most common treatment for tendonitis of the foot (particularly the heel) is putting ice on the affected area for 15 to 20 minutes, three times per day, according to Medline Plus. Avoiding activities that cause pain is also often advised.
If ice therapy does not prove effective, physicians recommend a number of alternatives. Administering a brace can keep a tendon in place and help to reduce swelling. Any activities which could cause irritation or worsen the injury are also best avoided.
A physician may also recommend stretching exercises, depending on the severity of the condition. In some cases, however, it can be better to limit movement of the damaged tendon.
Medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin effectively combat pain and swelling and are readily available from pharmacies.
Surgery may be necessary if the condition has not improved through the use of more common treatments. Damaged sections of tissue of the tendon may be removed during surgery, along with any parts of bone that are causing irritation to the tendon.
Tendonitis can take months to heal fully, and pain may persist for at least 2 months. If all other treatments fail to alleviate symptoms, then extracoporeal shock therapy is an additional option.