The treatment for peripheral neuropathy is unique to the patient and dependent upon the symptoms experienced by the patient. Common forms of treatment include medication and therapy, according to Mayo Clinic.
Medications commonly used to treat the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy include over-the-counter pain relievers, tramadol and oxycodone for mild-to-severe pain, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Anti-seizure medications such as gabapentin and pregabalin may be prescribed to reduce nerve pain. Common side effects of these medications include drowsiness and dizziness. Creams containing capsaicin are effective in treating symptoms, but may cause severe burning and itching on the skin. Some patients improve when taking antidepressants. Therapies such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, physical therapy and surgery can be highly effective in treating peripheral neuropathy.
Patients with peripheral neuropathy can make changes in their daily routines to help manage the symptoms, suggests Mayo Clinic. For example, a regular exercise routine that includes low-impact activities such as walking and yoga may ease neuropathy pain. Moreover, eating a low-fat diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy helps patients get the vitamins and minerals needed to keep the body healthy. Experts advise patients to limit alcohol intake and quit smoking, as both have been shown to increase the symptoms of peripheral neuropathy.