The majority of patients with leukocytosis do not require any treatment for their condition, states Medscape. However, extreme cases of leukocytosis may require leukapheresis, urine alkalinization and hydration for treatment. Extreme cases of the disease may also be treated with chemotherapy drugs.
Leukocytosis is a condition in which a patient's total white blood cell counts increase, according to Drugs.com. The white blood cells are a crucial part of a patient's immune system, and if they increase, a patient may experience a range of symptoms that may include fever, weakness, dizziness, losing weight without trying or difficulty breathing.
Leukocytosis can be diagnosed through a simple blood test, as Drugs.com states. Through a blood test, a doctor can determine the number of white blood cells within a patient's blood and determine if the patient's white blood cells are irregular. Some patients also need a bone marrow biopsy to determine the root cause of their condition.
Rather than treating the leukocytosis, doctors treat the underlying cause of the condition. If the underlying cause of the leukocytosis is unknown, and the condition is mild, no treatment may be necessary. Patients may also undergo leukapheresis to decrease their total white blood cell count, states Drugs.com.