Common testicular problems include trauma, torsion and cancer, according to WebMD. Other common testicular conditions include hypogonadism, which is a lack of testosterone, and epididymitis, which is when the coiled tube surrounding the testicles becomes inflamed.
Testicular trauma occurs when the testicles are struck, hit, crushed or kicked, states WebMD. This occurs most often during sports, which is why male athletes often wear protective cups. Testicular trauma can lead to bruising, swelling and severe pain. If a testicle is ruptured, blood can leak into the scrotum. A ruptured scrotum may require surgery, depending on the severity of the injury.
Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord becomes entangled around the testicle, cutting off the blood supply, notes WebMD. This can cause the testicle to become enlarged, swollen, tender and painful. Testicular torsion requires immediate medical attention, and surgery is often necessary.
Signs of testicular cancer include a lump, growth or irregularity in the testicles, according to WebMD. A man with testicular cancer may experience a dull ache, heaviness, pain or a pulling sensation in or around the scrotum.
In the case of epididymitis, a doctor may prescribe antibiotics to kill the infection, reports WebMD. Hypogonadism may lead to sexual, mental and emotional problems.