The most common symptom of a hernia is the formation of a lump on the affected area, and hernia treatment involves covering the hole with surgical mesh, according to Healthline. Some cases are difficult to identify. The common types of hernia include inguinal, umbilical, hiatal and incisional hernia.
A bulge that shows up around the abdomen in children under 6 months of age may indicate umbilical hernia, as Healthline explains. Symptoms of inguinal hernia include discomfort or pain at the lower abdomen as well as irritation or burning at the affected area. A heavy feeling, pressure or weakness in the abdomen are also symptoms of this problem.
Pain in the chest, difficulty swallowing and acid reflux may signal that a person is suffering from hiatal hernia, according to Healthline. In most cases, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding heavy meals and avoiding lying down after meals may help alleviate the problem. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary. Laparoscopic surgery takes less time to heal from than open surgery.
Extreme hernia conditions may result in nausea, constipation, extreme pain and bowel blockage, explains Healthline. A patient with a serious hernia should seek immediate medical attention. Cutting down on smoking, avoiding heavy lifts and avoiding struggle when eliminating wastes may aid in keeping the hernia away. The patient should consult with a doctor to avoid contracting a severe cough.