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What are the most common symptoms of neurological problems?

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Common symptoms of neurological problems include headaches, numbness, memory loss, pain and muscle rigidity, explains North Shore-LIJ Health System. Tremors, seizures, balance problems, abnormal speech patterns and difficulty swallowing are other common signs of disorders involving the nervous system. Patients with neurological conditions are also sometimes unable to perform specific simple movements, such as blinking their eyes or swinging their arms.

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Examples of common neurological disorders include multiple sclerosis, migraines, epilepsy, normal pressure hydrocephalus and strokes, notes North Shore-LIJ Health System. Multiple sclerosis is a disease that compromises the functioning of the central nervous system, producing symptoms that range in severity from mild to severely disabling. In severe cases, patients with multiple sclerosis become unable to walk, speak or write.

Migraine symptoms often occur in stages, as Mayo Clinic describes. One or two days before developing a migraine headache, a patient may experience irritability, depression, uncontrollable yawning, constipation or neck stiffness. Before or during the headache, some patients experience auras, which produce neurological symptoms such as vision loss, seeing flashes of light, disruptions in speech patterns and a pins-and-needles sensation in the extremities. Once the main migraine attack sets in, symptoms may include light sensitivity, sound sensitivity, blurred vision, nausea and lightheadedness.

In the case of normal pressure hydrocephalus, a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid places increased pressure on the brain, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. As a result, patients experience symptoms such as trouble walking, dementia and diminished bladder control.

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