Common symptoms of indigestion include nausea, abdominal bloating, abdominal discomfort, early or uncomfortable fullness from eating, and a burning sensation in the abdomen, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms such as vomiting and belching are less common.
Additional symptoms of indigestion include a growling stomach and an acidic taste in the mouth, explains WebMD. Heartburn sometimes accompanies indigestion, though it also signifies other unrelated health issues. Stress often increases the symptoms of indigestion.
Mild indigestion generally does not require medical attention, explains Mayo Clinic. However, consult a doctor if symptoms are severe or last longer than two weeks. Seek medical attention if the indigestion happens along with difficulty swallowing, loss of appetite, unintended weight loss, black stools or weakness. Vomit containing blood or repeated vomiting also indicates a potentially serious health concern. Seek immediate medical care if additional symptoms include shortness of breath, chest pain or sweating.
All individuals are at risk for indigestion, but certain factors increase the risk, according to WebMD. Risk factors include the use of medications that irritate the stomach, stress or emotional problems, conditions that cause complications in the digestive tract and excessive alcohol consumption. Indigestion has many potential causes, including a condition called functional or non-ulcer dyspepsia.