The most common symptoms of hypercholesterolemia are heart-related chest pain, or angina, and strokes or transient ischemic attacks due to reduced blood flow to the brain, according to Drugs.com. Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, an inherited disorder display xanthomas, cholesterol-filled nodules on tendons and cholesterol deposits on the eyelids, called xanthelasmas.
Hypercholesterolemia is high cholesterol. The two main types of cholesterol are high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL. LDL cholesterol at high levels are connected to atherosclerosis, cholesterol-rich fatty deposits accumulated in the body's arteries, explains Drugs.com. The accumulation can block arteries and restrict or stop blood flow the heart, brain, and other organs. Heart-related atherosclerosis can produce a heart attack, and atherosclerosis that blocks blood supply to the brain can produce a stroke.