Gout infection symptoms include pain, swelling and tenderness in a joint; red or purple skin in the area of the joint; reduced and limited range of motion of the joint; and peeling and itching skin, according to WebMD. It often affects the big toes, ankles and knees.
Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by the formation of urate crystals in the joints or surrounding tissue due to an oversupply of uric acid in the blood, explains Mayo Clinic. While the body normally dissolves and expels uric acid, periodically the body may overproduce or fail to excrete uric acid, causing crystals in and around the joint that result in the accumulation of inflammation and intense pain. Recurring bouts of gout can result in potential damage to joints, tendons and other body tissues unless properly treated. Many people never acquire gout; however, people who are overweight, consume too much alcohol, take certain medications or ingest too many purines have a higher risk of getting it, notes WebMD.
The goal of gout treatment is to reduce pain, inflammation and the frequency of attacks, notes Healthline. Treatments include diet modification to reduce the levels of uric acid in the blood and the use of medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, colchicine, corticosteroids, xanthine oxidase inhibitors and probenecid. Some patients report relief through alternative treatments, including eating certain foods, herbs and vitamin supplements.