Common symptoms of back pain include persistent aching from the tailbone to the base of the neck and sharp pains localized to an area of the lower or upper back and neck, according to WebMD. Pain that radiates from the lower back to the toes is also a symptom.
Some people with back pain may experience a chronic ache in the lower or middle part of the back after standing or sitting for excessive amounts of time, explains WebMD. Sharp pains in the neck or back after strenuous activity or lifting heavy objects indicates back pain. Some people may also be unable to stand straight without instances of lower back pain or muscle spasms in the back.
Severe symptoms accompanied by back pain that require immediate medical attention include problems controlling the bladder or bowels, according to WebMD. Numbness, weakness or tingling in the leg or arms could be a sign of sciatica. Increased pain when bending forward at the waist or coughing could indicate a possible herniated disc in the back. People who have strong-smelling urine, burning while urinating and a fever along with back pain may have an infection.
A serious back problem could be developing if the pain worsens and is not relieved by rest or the patient experiences consistent night time back pain, explains WebMD.