Common symptoms of anemia include weakness, fatigue, pale skin, and a fast or irregular heartbeat, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms of anemia include dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, and cold hands or feet. Anemia may cause some people to have a headache or cognitive problems. The symptoms of anemia vary depending on the cause of the condition.
Because some types of anemia such as a vitamin B-12 deficiency or iron deficiency are common, it is a good idea to make an appointment with a health care provider if unexplained fatigue occurs, states Mayo Clinic. Fatigue may also be caused by many other health conditions besides anemia.
Some people are told that they have low hemoglobin when donating blood, notes Mayo Clinic. However, this is not always anemia. It can be a temporary issue that may be fixed by eating foods that contain significant amounts of iron, or it may caused by internal bleeding. It is important to schedule an appointment with a physician if blood results show low hemoglobin.
Although some types of anemia cannot be avoided, following a diet rich in vitamins may help prevent types of anemia related to vitamin or iron deficiencies, according to Mayo Clinic. Foods that contain significant amounts of iron, folate, vitamin B-12 and vitamin C are ideal.