Some of the most common side effects of nitrofurantoin include chest pain, joint or muscle pain, fever and chills, according to Mayo Clinic. Other common side effects include feeling of illness or discomfort, shortness of breath, troubled breathing and changes in facial skin tone. These side effects require medical attention.
Other common side effects that do not necessarily require medical attention include diarrhea and gas, states Mayo Clinic. These side effects usually disappear as the body becomes accustomed to the medicine. An individual should consult a health care professional if these side effects linger or become troublesome.
Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic medication that treats and prevents particular urinary tract infections, according to WebMD. This medicine works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria. Administration is via mouth, and patients usually take it with milk or food according to the prescribing physician's instructions.