Some side effects of a cystoscopy include swelling, bleeding, bladder infection and tearing of the bladder wall, notes the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. A burning sensation during urination may be experienced after the test. The urine may also be slightly pink a few days following a cystoscopy.
Generally, a cystoscopy is a safe procedure, which is performed to view inside the urethra and bladder using a hollow tube and a lens. Bleeding usually occurs after the procedure but clears up on its own over time. Swelling of the urethra is a common side effect, and it makes urination difficult. A doctor can place a catheter in the bladder to help with urination until the swelling stops. Although it is rare, the bladder wall can tear after the procedure, and this requires a surgical operation to correct, according to WebMD.
During a cystoscopy, a doctor inserts a cystoscope inside the urethra and directs it into the bladder, according to Mayo Clinic. A local anesthetic is used to numb the urethra. The type of cystoscopy a patient undergoes depends on the reason for the procedure. Drinking plenty of water after the procedure helps to prevent a urinary tract infection. Contact a health care provider if symptoms such as chills, fever, pain and reduced urination appear.