Common types of hand surgery include carpal tunnel release, Dupuytren’s contracture fasciectomy, trigger finger release, tendon repair and ganglion removal, according to Arthritis Research UK. Other common types of hand surgery are knuckle replacement and trapeziectomy.
Carpal tunnel release surgery splits the carpal tunnel ligament in order to ease pressure on the median nerve, relieving numbness and tingling in the hand, as Arthritis Research UK explains. Dupuytren's contracture is a condition in which bands that form in the palm cause fingers to curl downward; surgery removes the excess tissue to release the fingers. When tendon repair is necessary to fix a tendon rupture, usually subsequent to rheumatoid arthritis, surgery must occur as soon as possible to protect the rest of the hand's tendons.