Common reasons for adult ear surgery include tumors, chronic middle fluid and otosclerosis, according to the Hearing Loss Association of America. In addition, sensorineural hearing loss caused by head trauma sometimes responds immediately to surgical treatment.
Conductive hearing loss disorders are corrected with surgery when certain structures in the ear prevent healthy hearing, explains the Hearing Loss Association of America. Otosclerosis is a condition in which the hearing bone inside of the middle ear blocks sound when it becomes fixated in one spot. Patients who have otosclerosis have surgery to give this section of the ear mobility.
Some adults get ear surgery for cosmetic reasons, says the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Otoplasty is the process of improving the position, shape and proportion of the ear. People who are born with macrotia, or enlarged ears, get otoplasty to correct the problem. Another reason to seek ear cosmetic surgery is for ears that protrude from the side of the head but do not cause hearing changes.
Most cosmetic surgeries for the ears are performed on patients between the ages of 4 and 14, explains WebMD. To perform the procedure, surgeons cut out the cartilage from the ear or fold the existing cartilage into a new shape.
In cases of severe head trauma, some adults seek emergency surgery for sudden hearing loss, notes the Hearing Loss Association of America. This happens when the inner ear fluid compartment leaks. Surgery is done to prevent the fluid from entering the inner ear.