Common problems associated with surgical mesh used in hernia repair include pain, infections, hernia recurrence, bowel obstruction and adhesion, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Other more severe complications include mesh migration and mesh contraction or shrinkage. Other complications from using surgical mesh in hernia repairs include postoperative hematoma and seroma, foreign body reaction and organ injury, according to the National Center for Biotechnology Information.
Infection, abscess, fistula and obstruction are the most common complications if the mesh erodes, explains the NCBI. Mesh migration is an uncommon complication but occurs two ways. The first way is when an improperly secured mesh moves along the path of least resistance, or if an outside force moves a properly secured mesh. The second way is due to a foreign body reaction.
Surgical mesh reduces the amount of tension on the abdominal wall by covering the hernia, and using mesh decreases the recurrence rate by 30 percent over using sutures. People experience a high rate of hernia recurrence if they have surgical mesh removed, according to the NCBI.
The FDA has recalled some of the surgical mesh that caused these complications, and that type of mesh is no longer on the market, notes the FDA. The recall included C.R. Bard/Davol brand flat sheets of polypropylene surgical mesh.