Common phobias include the fear of public places, social situations, enclosed spaces, spiders and bees, according to WebMD. The names for these phobias are agoraphobia, social phobia, claustrophobia, arachnophobia and apiphobia, respectively. When people fear animals in general, they have a condition called zoophobia.
People who suffer from agoraphobia avoid public places because they are afraid they may be unable to escape a space, such as the line to enter an event, if their anxiety level becomes too high to handle, explains WebMD. Individuals with the most severe cases of agoraphobia become completely housebound, unable to bring themselves to leave their homes at all. Women are two times more likely than men to become agoraphobic. The difference between an agoraphobic and someone with social phobia is people with social phobia do not necessarily fear being out in public spaces, as long as there is no requirement to socialize in those public spaces. Because people with social phobia tend to avoid socialization, the phobia can severely damage their personal and professional lives without proper treatment.
Like agoraphobics, claustrophobic people fear entrapment, notes WebMD. However, claustrophobic individuals specifically fear becoming trapped in small, enclosed spaces, such as elevators and tunnels. It is common for someone who suffers from claustrophobia to take measures to lessen the enclosed feeling of a space, such as leaving the door open in a small room.