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Which is the most common parasite infection to cause colitis?

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Quick Answer

An infection caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica is the most common parasitic infection in the world that can cause colitis, states MedicineNet. This parasitic infection is also called amebiasis, relates the Centersfor Disease Control and Prevention. However, colitis can also be caused by viruses or bacteria.

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Full Answer

Amebiasis is contracted by either drinking contaminated water or through unhygienic conditions or practices, specifies MedicineNet. Entamoeba histolytica is a parasitic protozoan, explains the FDA. People, who live in tropical areas are more susceptible to this infection; however, anyone can contract it, especially when traveling to these areas. Some people may not have any symptoms with this infection, but italsocan cause colitis, which is an inflammation of the colon. Between 10 to 20 percent of people infected with this parasite can alsoexperience loose stool and abdominal cramping symptoms, states the CDC. A severe type of amebiasis is amebic dysentery.

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