Common nursing home regulations require nursing homes to have a sufficient staff, create care plans for every resident, satisfy a resident's nutritional needs and control infections. Regulations focus on keeping every resident in the best possible condition. Nursing homes must follow state and federal regulations to receive their licenses and receive payments from insurance programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid.
To have a sufficient staff, the nursing home needs enough staff members to meet the needs of all its residents at all times. Certain state guidelines require nursing homes to provide each resident with a minimum amount of personal care per day. Another common guideline related to staffs requires nursing homes to post a daily report with the amount of licensed and unlicensed staff members on duty.
A care plan is made specifically for a resident. It includes all that resident's needs, and how the nursing home plans to meet those needs.
Dietary plans at a nursing home must be palatable while meeting nutritional needs for every resident, including any special needs. Three meals per day is a common requirement, along with snacks.
Nursing homes need a plan to both stop infections from developing and prevent them from spreading. Plans typically include standard hygiene practices, such as staff and patients washing their hands frequently, and steps to take when an infection occurs, such as isolating the patient until the infection is gone.