Nursing care plans for gastroenteritis include nursing care for diarrhoea, acute abdominal pain and deficient fluid volume, according to Nurselabs. Nursing care for gastroenteritis seeks to manage diarrhoea and avoid dehydration.
Diarrhoea is a major symptom of gastroenteritis. The patient may experience hyperactive bowel sounds, audible borborygmi, dry lips and oral mucosa, dehydration and passage of loose watery stools. Interventions for diarrhoea include establishing rapport with the patient to gain his trust, assessing his general condition and vital signs for baseline data and discussing the causes and treatment options to educate the patient. After a successful diarrhoea care plan, the patient verbally demonstrates an understanding of the causes and rationale for the treatment regimen, passes semi-solid stools and experiences a healthy bowel function, reports Nurselabs.
Gastroenteritis patients experience acute abdominal pain that involves symptoms such as restlessness, a weak appearance, irritability and facial grimaces. Nursing interventions for severe abdominal pain include reviewing factors that increase or reduce the pain and massaging the affected area to lessen pain and enhance comfort. Also, provide pain reduction techniques to promote healing. The patient reports a reduction in pain and demonstrates relaxation skills, says Nurselabs.
Patients facing deficient fluid volume may manifest weakness, abdominal cramping, dehydration, nausea and weight loss. Interventions include increasing fluid intake to maintain adequate hydration, frequent oral care to prevent dryness and administration of intravenous fluids as prescribed to deliver fluids accurately at the desired rates. Also, discuss individual risk factors and specific interventions to prevent dehydration from recurring. The results of the interventions include improved hydration and the patient understanding the causes of fluid volume deficit, claims Nurselabs.