What are some common muscular diseases?


Quick Answer

Becker muscular dystrophy, myotonic muscular dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy and congenital muscular dystrophy are common types of muscular diseases, according to Healthline. There are over 300 types of muscular diseases that are classified in nine categories. Muscular diseases, also known as muscular dystrophy, weaken muscles over time due to a lack of protein known as dystrophin. Lack of dystrophin causes issues with walking, talking and muscle coordination.

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Full Answer

Myotonic muscular dystrophy is the most common form of dystrophy in adults. Myotonic causes muscle spasms and stiffness. It also causes muscle weakness and affects the nervous system, heart, eyes and gastrointestinal track, claims WebMD. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common type for children and only affects males. Duchenne occurs between the ages of 2 and 6. It causes the muscles to decrease in size and become weaker over time. Those with Duchenne muscular dystrophy usually do not live over the age of 25.

Becker muscular dystrophy is a milder form of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. It appears between the ages of 2 and 16, and also only affects males. Congenital muscular dystrophy is present at birth. It affects both genders and causes weakness in the first few months following birth. Severe shrinking and shortening of the muscles also occurs. Congenital muscular dystrophy also causes brain abnormalities and seizures, claims WebMD.

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