The most common method for treating a pinched nerve in the leg is to rest the area, according to Mayo Clinic. In some cases, a doctor may prescribe a splint, especially if the pinched nerve is near an area that flexes or extends.
If rest does not help a pinched nerve in the leg, doctors may recommend other treatment methods, including physical therapy, medications or surgery, explains Mayo Clinic. Physical therapy involves learning exercises that stretch and strengthen the muscle in the leg. The therapist may also offer recommendations for modifying common activities. These help to relieve the pressure on the nerve.
Some medications people take for a pinched nerve in the leg include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or naproxen, states Mayo Clinic. These help to treat pain and stop the inflammation around the nerve. Corticosteroid injections may also help minimize the inflammation and pain.
After several weeks or months of conservative treatment with no relief, a person may need surgery to treat the nerve, notes Mayo Clinic. The surgery may entail removing small bone spurs and moving or cutting ligaments in order to reduce the pressure on the nerve. Those prone to pinched nerves can help prevent the formation of additional pinched nerves in the leg by maintaining good posture, limiting motion, maintaining a healthy weight and incorporating strength exercises.