What Are Some Common Mental Disabilities?

What Are Some Common Mental Disabilities?

Mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders and eating disorders are examples of common mental disabilities. Other mental disorders include addiction and impulse control disorders, as reported by WebMD.

People with anxiety problems respond to certain stimuli with fear and physical signs such as sweating or a pounding heartbeat. If the individual's response to a given situation is not positive, then a diagnosis of a stress disorder is often made. Anxiety disorders include panic disorder, generalized anxiety, phobias and social anxiety disorder, as stated by WebMD.

Another name for mood disorder is affective disorder. This condition involves feelings of happiness and periods of sadness or a sudden transition from complete happiness to extreme sadness. Mood disorders include bipolar disorder, cyclothymic disorder and chronic depression, as reported by WebMD.

Psychotic disorders involve lack of self-awareness and distortion of thinking. Hallucinations and delusions are symptoms of psychotic disorders. An example of a psychotic abnormality is schizophrenia, notes WebMD.

People who suffer from an impulse disorder cannot stop doing harmful things that affect them or other people. Kleptomania and pyromania are types of impulse control disorders. Common objects of addiction include drugs, alcohol and gambling, according to WebMD. Individuals with addictions often ignore relationships, personal health and responsibilities to work and family.