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What are common liver diseases?

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Quick Answer

Some common liver diseases are those caused by the hepatitis A, B and C viruses, explains Mayo Clinic. Some other more frequent liver conditions include cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, acute liver failure and enlarged liver, according to MedlinePlus.

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Many types of liver disease share symptoms, such as swelling of the liver, yellowing of the whites of the eyes and skin, fluid buildup in the abdomen, and cholestasis or low bile flow, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. This low bile can cause jaundice, or yellow pigment, to occur in the eyes and skin; urine to take on a darker yellow color; and easy bleeding. Prolonged liver disease can eventually lead to liver failure, in which the liver ceases to function normally, causing damage in the liver and other organs. Some signs of liver failure are loss of appetite, diarrhea, nausea, fatigue and impaired cognitive ability.

Cirrhosis of the liver is a type of liver disease that the hepatitis B and C viruses as well as alcoholism can cause, explains MedicineNet. It causes the liver to scar and thicken due to the loss of liver cells and rapid regrowth of new cells. Although the death of these liver cells and the subsequent scarring of the liver is often due to certain chemicals and drugs, it can also be a result of an autoimmune liver disease.

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