One of the most common and most important ingredients in recipes for bariatric patients is lean, low-fat protein, states Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin. Many recipe examples provided by the hospital include skinless chicken, low-fat cottage cheese, fish or yogurt. Whole grain proteins such as brown rice and quinoa feature in many recipes, as do lightly cooked fruits and vegetables.
The body can no longer store protein after bariatric surgery, making protein replacement a feature of many bariatric recipes, according to Froedtert Hospital & the Medical College of Wisconsin. Over two dozen recipes appropriate for most bariatric patients are available at Froedtert.com. Many of the recipes commonly include different types of beans, lean seafoods such as tuna and trout, and low-fat cheeses. The site recommends that bariatric patients avoid foods that are high in fat and sugar, as these foods can lead to dumping syndrome, which can cause dizziness, an elevated heart rate, nausea and diarrhea. A patient's need for vitamin and mineral supplementation is determined by his physician.
Surgical techniques and individual patient needs vary. The attending physician advises the bariatric patient on which foods he can eat, which should be avoided, and when it is appropriate to reintroduce certain foods to the diet, states MedlinePlus.