Some common hand injuries include fractures of the distal radius, finger, thumb, wristbone and metacarpals, according to Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. Treatment options for such cases depend on the severity and location of the injury.
A distal radius fracture is a fracture of the larger forearm bone very near the wrist, says Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. Such a break commonly occurs when a person falls and lands on an outstretched hand. It can also happen as a result of other trauma, such as a car or bike accident. A broken finger can remain deformed, stiff and painful even after it heals if not treated properly. At times, treatment may involve pins or wire for proper healing. Broken thumbs can be equally problematic because they affect the ability to grasp effectively.
Hand fractures make up one-third of all hand injuries, and they involve breaks in the hands of the bones or the metacarpals, reports Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush. The metacarpals can break near the knuckles, near the wrists or in between. An X-ray helps a physician locate the exact location of such a fracture for proper treatment. Similar fractures can occur in the bones of the wrists, also known as the carpals. Like a distal radius fracture, wristbone fractures commonly happen from a fall with an outstretched hand.