Some common fears and phobias are the fear of spiders, heights, confined spaces and snakes, according to About.com. Some others on the list are a fear of dogs and a fear of thunder and lightning. There are also some phobias that are associated with anxiety and panic attacks, including acrophobia, agoraphobia and claustrophobia.
One of the most common phobias people experience is arachnophobia, which is the fear of spiders, states About.com. This phobia can affect anyone but is more common in women. A fear of snakes, which is called ophidiophobia, can arise from many causes, such as cultural differences or personal experiences. Someone who is afraid of dogs has a phobia called cynophobia, and this is more likely related to a bad personal experience, such as a previous attack.
Acrophobia, or the fear of heights, is often associated with having severe anxiety attacks, notes About.com. People with this phobia often avoid high places. Someone with a fear of an inability to escape suffer from agoraphobia. Often associated with being afraid to leave the home, this phobia may arise in any situation in which escape is not easy, such as an open space or a crowded area. Claustrophobia is related to fear of being in a confined space, such as an elevator.