Some common diseases and conditions that affect the vascular system include peripheral artery disease, aneurysm, renal artery disease, varicose veins and blood clotting disorders. Vascular diseases may affect the arteries, veins, lymph vessels and lead to other conditions affecting blood circulation, notes MedicineNet.
As individuals age, their chances of getting vascular diseases or conditions increase. A family history of a certain condition may equally increase chances. Other risk factors associated with vascular diseases or conditions include pregnancy, illness, prolonged period of standing or sitting, smoking and obesity.
Peripheral artery disease is among the most common vascular problems. Some symptoms that may develop as a result of this disease include chest pains, heart attack, stroke, hypertension and heart failure.
Aneurysm refers to an abnormal development of a bulge in a given blood vessel, notes WebMD. Individuals with this condition may experience severe headaches, sensitivity to light, stiff neck, vomiting and bleeding.
Another disease that may affect the vascular system is Buerger's disease. It often affects the small and medium arteries, veins and nerves. Some symptoms of this condition include pain in the hands or feet, pale toes or fingers and inflamed veins.
Doctors may diagnose these conditions by taking patient history and carrying out physical exams and lab tests. Treatment depends on the severity and actual condition in question.