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What are the most common diseases that affect bones?

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The most common form of bone disease is osteoporosis followed by Paget's disease and osteogenesis imperfecta, according to News-Medical. Osteoporosis is a condition caused by mineral deficiency wherein the skeletal structure deteriorates over time, reducing overall bone mass. The condition commonly causes bone fractures as a result of weakened bones. The condition can be diagnosed, treated and prevented.

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Paget's disease causes skeletal deformities and is more common in older people, while osteogenesis imperfecta is an inherited condition and causes brittle bones and fractures in children, explains News-Medical. As of 2015, fractures due to weak bones occur in more than 1.5 million Americans. The most common fractures occur in the wrist, spine and hip, and 20 percent of hip fracture patients die within a year of the fracture.

Rickets is a bone disease that leads to skeletal deformities such as bowed legs, according to NCBI. The condition typically occurs in childhood as the result of a delay in receiving adequate calcium phosphate in the bones. Adults may be diagnosed with osteomalacia, which is an equivalent condition. Getting adequate vitamin D can help prevent both diseases.

Other common bone diseases include renal osteodystrophy, which occurs in patients with chronic renal disease, states NCBI. Additionally, bone malignancies and tumors can occur in all stages of life and lead to the deterioration and destruction of bone.

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