The most common complication of hernia repair surgery is recurrence of the hernia, according to eMedicineHealth. Other complications include the inability to urinate, wound infection, fluid buildup in the scrotum and testicular damage at the side of the surgery.
A hernia occurs when an abdominal organ pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall, explains WebMD. Weak spots in the abdomen can occur from activities or medical problems such as improper lifting of heavy objects, coughing, sneezing, smoking, improper nutrition, weight gain, cystic fibrosis and straining on the toilet, according to MedlinePlus.
The most common type of hernia is inguinal and occurs in 2 percent of men in the United States, explains eMedicineHealth. This type of hernia is divided into two groups, indirect and direct. Both require similar treatment and present on the inguinal crease where the thigh meets the body.
An indirect inguinal hernia protrudes into the inguinal canal, which is a structure that usually closes before birth after the testicles descend from the abdomen into the scrotum, explains eMedicineHealth. The protrusion of abdominal contents can descend as far down as the scrotum. A direct inguinal hernia protrudes a little more inside into the inguinal area where the abdominal wall is naturally thinner. It rarely involves the scrotum and occurs most frequently in middle-aged and older adults.