A woman with a urine retention problem may have a cystocele or rectocele that moves the bladder from its correct position, explains MedicineNet. Other causes of urine retention in women include a bladder stone obstruction in the urinary tract, an infection that causes swelling, medications and constipation. Weak bladder muscles or nerve problems that obstruct the brain's signals to the bladder also can cause urine retention.
A cystocele, also called an anterior prolapse or prolapsed bladder, occurs when the bladder invades the space occupied by the vagina, according to Mayo Clinic. This condition occurs when constipation, coughing, lifting or childbirth weakens the tissue that supports the bladder. Sometimes a woman may not notice her prolapsed bladder until after menopause, when the cystocele begins causing symptoms.
A rectocele, also known as a posterior prolapse, happens when the front wall of the rectum presses against the vagina, notes the Mayo Clinic. A posterior prolapse occurs when the pelvic floor experiences pressure that weakens the muscles and supportive tissue in that area. Obesity, constipation, chronic coughing, heavy lifting and pregnancy increase the risk of developing a rectocele.
Common treatments for urine retention include medication that relaxes the muscles around the bladder outlet and surgical repair of the rectocele or cystocele, states MedicineNet. Urethral stents, drainage and dilation can provide immediate relief for urine retention problems.