Some common causes of pain in the feet and toes include claudication, gout and arthritis, according to the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society and Mayo Clinic. Claudication is a sign of peripheral artery disease and indicates reduced or blocked blood circulation in the foot.
Osteoarthritis happens when the cartilage that cushions the joints in the feet and toes begins to wear away, either due to the normal stresses of daily life or because of injury, explains the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society. This can cause the joint to become painful, red and swollen.
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid, states WebMD. The pain associated with gout is especially severe in the big toe.