Some common causes of osteoarthritis include being overweight, aging, injuries to a joint, improper formation of a joint, joint cartilage genetic defects and extreme stresses placed on joints, notes the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Extreme stresses placed on joints can occur from playing sports professionally or from working a particular job.
Osteoarthritis is primarily a disease that older people get and if a younger person is diagnosed with osteoarthritis, it is usually due to an abnormal joint injury, notes the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Osteoarthritis differs from rheumatoid arthritis because it does not affect other areas of the body. Osteoarthritis occurs only in a person's joints and is an inflammation of the joint. There are 27 million Americans living with osteoarthritis in 2015, states Healthline.
Osteoarthritis is diagnosed by a thorough physical examination, X-rays and tests such as a test to determine the amount of fluid throughout the joints. Once osteoarthritis has been diagnosed, a customized treatment plan is created. The treatment plan will be made up of several factors including weight control and exercise, joint care and joint rest, pain relief techniques that do not relay on drugs, drugs, surgery and alternative therapies. People can also take control of their osteoarthritis by paying attention to what they eat. Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids will lessen the amount of inflammation in the joint, which can reduce pain and increase mobility. Eating healthy foods will also help patients with weight loss and weight maintenance. Weight management makes a substantial difference in the amount of inflammation a person with osteoarthritis has, notes WebMD.