Common causes of low body temperature include cold exposure, shock, infection, alcohol or drug abuse, and certain metabolic disorders, according to WebMD. Diabetes, hypothyroidism and sepsis are medical conditions that can cause low body temperature.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that causes blood glucose to become abnormally high, notes MedicineNet. The condition is caused by an inadequate amount of insulin produced by the pancreas, which can be managed with insulin shots, exercise and dietary changes. Patients with diabetes can experience symptoms such as frequent urination, thirst and hunger. If not treated, the disease can cause hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia and a disease that affects the blood vessels.
Hypothyroidism occurs when an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland, according to MedlinePlus. The disease is typically caused by thyroiditis, but other causes include autoimmune diseases, viral infections, pregnancy and radiation treatments. Patients with early-stage hypothyroidism can experience constipation, depression, fatigue and a sensitivity to cold. If not treated, symptoms can become worse and include hoarseness, slow speech and skin thickening.
Sepsis is a severe infection that occurs when the body responds to bacteria or other germs, explains MedlinePlus. Any infection can lead to sepsis, and common places of infection include the bloodstream, bones, bowel and kidneys. Patients with sepsis experience low blood pressure that leads to shock, resulting in the loss of function of many organs. Other symptoms of sepsis include chills, shaking, fever and bruising.