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What are the most common causes of heel pain?

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Quick Answer

The most common causes of heel pain include Achilles tendinitis, bursitis and plantar fasciitis, according to Mayo Clinic. Heel pain is typically a result of plantar fasciitis, which is a medical condition that occurs when the plantar fascia tissue in the foot becomes inflamed, notes the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.

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What are the most common causes of heel pain?
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Plantar fasciitis can occur due to various factors, including having flat feet or high feet arches and wearing uncomfortable shoes for long hours, explains the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. Obesity is another risk factor for the condition, and patients with plantar fasciitis experience pain in the arches of their feet or bottom of their heels that is worse in the morning and increases over time.

Achilles tendinitis is a condition that occurs when the Achilles tendon becomes inflamed as a result of overuse, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Risk factors for the condition include having a bone spur near the heel bone, having tight calf muscles and increasing exercise suddenly. Patients with Achilles tendinitis commonly experience pain along their tendons in the morning that worsens with exercise, as well as swelling and thickening of their tendons.

Bursitis of the heel occurs when the fluid-filled sack called the bursa that is located in the back of the heel bone swells, leading to pain in the heel that gets worse with activity or touch, notes MedlinePlus. The condition occurs due to overuse of the ankle during activities such as walking and jumping. Patients with bursitis of the heel also experience red skin on their heels as well as pain that gets worse when standing on tiptoe.

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