Causes of bladder spasms include interstitial cystitis, urinary tract infections and catheter use. This condition causes the bladder muscle to squeeze suddenly, resulting in an urgent need to release urine, according to MedicineNet.
The cause of bladder spasms may stem from the patient’s diet, medication, function of the nerves that control the bladder or changes in blood supply. This condition can also result from a recent surgery, an infection or muscle damage, explains MedicineNet.
Interstitial cystitis is a common cause of bladder spasms, causing pain and pressure below the belly button. Symptoms of interstitial cystitis change with time and vary from person to person. Typical symptoms include pain in the lower stomach and urethra, pain in the vagina during sex in women, and pain after sex in men, notes WebMD.
Infections in the urinary system can also cause this condition, resulting in burning and bladder pain, reports MedicineNet. Draining urine from the body using a catheter can also result in bladder spasms. Additionally, nervous system disorders such as brain tumors, cerebral palsy, herpes zoster and Parkinson’s disease can damage the nerves between the bladder and the brain, making the bladder unable to function properly.
Bladder spasms can affect any person, but they are common to individuals going through menopause, those fighting a urinary tract infection, anyone who has had a recent pelvic or lower abdominal surgery, and those with muscle damage, explains MedicineNet.