Common complications associated with C-sections include increased blood loss, injury to the surrounding organs, pelvic scar tissue, and extended recovery time, according to the American Pregnancy Association. As of 2012, 32.8 percent of all deliveries were made via C-section, as per data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
During a C-section, the obstetrician makes a surgical incision in the abdominal wall and uterus, explains the American Pregnancy Association. Approximately 3 to 6 percent of women develop a bacterial infection in this incision, according to Healthline. Infection is more likely in obese women and women whose incisions were sutured with staples.
The American Pregnancy Association says approximately two out of every 100 women experience injury to the surrounding organs during a C-section. The surgeon may cut into the bladder or bowel while making a surgical incision to deliver a baby. Some women also develop scar tissue inside the pelvis. This scar tissue, referred to as adhesions, may increase the risk of complications during future pregnancies.
Because the surgeon cuts into the abdomen, a woman loses more blood during a C-section than with a vaginal delivery. Up to six women out of every 100 lose enough blood to require a transfusion following C-section, according to the American Pregnancy Association.