Approximately 3.9 million people receive diagnoses of kidney disease each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Bright disease is an antiquated name for nephritis, a common kidney disease, according to Britannica. Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis cause roughly 47,112 deaths annually in the United States.
Nephritis is a kidney disease that causes inflammation in the nephrons and glomeruli, two structures in the kidneys that produce urine, notes Britannica. Richard Bright, a British physician, first described the condition in the 1820s and 1830s.
Deaths from nephritis and related disorders amount to around 14.9 out of every 100,000 people and is the ninth leading cause of death in the United States, as of 2016, notes the CDC.