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What are some common blood disorders and diseases?

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Quick Answer

Some common blood disorders include different types of anemia, thalassemia, sickle cell disease and hemophilia. Blood disorders affect one or more parts of the blood and compromise or destroy the functions of the blood, notes MedlinePlus.

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Blood disorders are often inherited but may be caused by other issues as well. A lack of certain nutrients in the diet, diseases and side effects of some drugs may cause disorders. Treatment of blood disorders generally depends on the actual cause and severity.

Sickle cell disease is one of the most common blood disorders. This condition causes the red blood cells to become hard, sticky and shaped like a C. If properly treated, individuals with this condition are able to live a healthy life and remain productive throughout their lives.

Hemophilia is another disorder that affects the clotting of blood. Some signs and symptoms of this condition include bleeding of the mouth and gums, frequent nosebleeds, blood stains in urine or stool and bleeding into the joints.

Thalassemia is a condition in which the body is unable to make adequate amounts of hemoglobin. Individuals with a family history of the condition are at a greater risk of getting it.

Malaria is a disease often cased by mosquito bites. Staying in Africa or areas with tropical or subtropical climates increases the chances of getting malaria, notes WebMD.

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