Autism spectrum disorder, commonly known as just autism, represents an assortment of developmental issues that affect behavior and communication, emotional and social skills, as detailed by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Both children and adults of all ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds can be diagnosed with autism.
Autism is not diagnosed with medical tests that measure physical properties but more so through observation of a person's behavior, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The behaviors of one afflicted with autism ranges from exceptionally gifted to severally impaired. The contrast in behaviors is typically exhibited in the ability to comprehend patterns. Some autistic individuals act out all behaviors and tasks in repeated patterns, while others have a difficult time grasping normal routines.