Colon cancer does not always have symptoms, notes Cleveland Clinic. However, women who notice things like blood in or on the stool, changes in bowel habits or unexplained weight loss should make an appointment with a health care professional as soon as possible.
One of the most common symptoms of colon cancer is bleeding, which may or may not be intermittent. Although blood in or on the stool does not always indicate the presence of cancer, it is important to seek the advice of a doctor to rule out the possibility of a serious illness. Other symptoms may include abdominal bloating or pain and vomiting.
African-American men and women are more at risk for colon cancer than any other race. Men and women are equally at risk for the disease, but people who are overweight are more likely to get colon cancer than those who maintain a healthy weight, as noted by the Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fund. To lessen the risk of colon cancer, women should quit smoking, eat a well-balanced diet consisting of plenty of fruits and vegetables, take an omega-3 fatty acid supplement, and increase their vitamin D intake by taking supplements or increasing exposure to sunlight.