Colon resection, the simple term for colectomy, is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the large intestine is resected. Colectomy treats or prevents conditions that affect the colon, according to Mayo Clinic.Continue Reading
Colectomy is also known as large bowel resection, according to Healthline. Total colectomy is the term for the removal of the whole colon. Partial colectomy, also called subtotal colectomy, involves removing most parts of the colon. Hemicolectomy is the removal of the right or left part of the colon. Proctocolectomy is the removal of both the colon and the rectum, according to Medscape.
Before starting the surgery, the patient receives general anesthesia, notes Healthline. In an open surgery, the surgeon creates a large incision in the abdomen to see the colon right away. The less invasive option is a laparoscopic surgery, wherein the surgeon uses a camera to view the intestines and performs through a sequence of small incisions. However, the pattern of both surgeries is the same. The surgeon accesses the colon with one or more incisions, the damaged colon is removed, the remaining colon is sewn together, other procedures are performed if necessary, and then the incisions are closed by stitching.
Colectomy is used to treat colon cancer, diverticulitis, infections, precancerous polyps and intestinal blockages, according to Healthline.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
A TURP procedure is the common name for a transurethral resection of the prostrate, a surgical procedure that removes small sections of the prostrate gland through the penis, according to the Mayo Clinic. TURP procedures are commonly used to treat urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate gland.Full Answer >
Transurethral resection of the prostate, or TURP, is a surgical procedure done to relieve certain urinary symptoms caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia, an enlarged prostate. According to Mayo Clinic, the surgery is performed by inserting a resectoscope through the opening of the penis and into the urethra until it reaches the prostate. At this time, the surgeon cuts away excess prostate tissue.Full Answer >
The dangers, or risks, of a colectomy, or colon resection surgery, include injury to the bladder, ureter, intestines, blood vessels and other nearby structures, according to the University of Chicago Medical Center. Infection, bleeding and leaks at the reconnection site are additional potential complications.Full Answer >
Colon cleansing in a short time is done by performing an enema, in which fluid is introduced into the colon with a special tool and is used to clear out the colon of solid mass. Avoiding solid food is necessary for this process when done for medical reasons.Full Answer >