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How is colitis treated?

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Quick Answer

Medicines, changes in diet, biologics and surgery treat colitis, according to WebMD. An individual who has severe colitis may need to seek treatment in a hospital if he has symptoms that exist outside of the digestive tract, such as anemia or fever.

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Medicines used to treat colitis include aminosalicylates, steroid medicines and immunomodulator medicine, notes WebMD. Such medications are designed to prevent swelling by suppressing the immune system or relieving intestinal swelling. Physicians commonly prescribe steroid medicines for individuals with active colitis. Suppositories and enemas containing medicine may also be used to treat the condition. Doctors often resort to biologics for patients who do not respond to other common colitis medications.

Removal of the large intestine may be necessary to cure ulcerative colitis, says WebMD. There are some problems related to colitis that exist in other parts of the body that surgery does not always resolve, such as complications in the joints and liver. Medical procedures are also available for toxic megacolon or bleeding.

The treatment for colitis depends on the severity of the condition, according to WebMD. In most cases, symptoms are not long lasting. Children and teens with colitis may take supplements to restore normal sexual development and growth.

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