Cold laser therapy is used to reduce the inflammation and swelling of joints, muscles and nerves in patients with arthritis, knee and neck pain, carpel tunnel syndrome and tendonitis, according to Spine-health. Cold laser therapy may also be used as a substitute for acupuncture, states the American Cancer Society.
Considered a nonsurgical procedure, cold laser therapy does not require patients to complete a long-term recovery process that requires physical therapy or the use of prescription or over-the-counter medications, reports Spine-health. To see significant improvement in pain and discomfort, patients may have to complete multiple cold laser therapy sessions, however. In addition, most insurance companies do not cover the costs associated with cold laser therapy, claims Spine-health.
As of 2015, the Food and Drug Administration has reported no potential side effects associated with cold laser therapy. However, because further studies are necessary to ensure patient safety, pregnant women or patients with open wounds or cancerous tumors should not undergo this form of pain management, reports the American Chiropractic Association.
Also, the FDA does not recognize cold laser therapy as a treatment option to help patients quit smoking or as a way to treat conditions such as cerebral palsy, migraines or high blood pressure, reports the American Cancer Society.