Chronic prostatitis is a condition where the prostate gland in men becomes inflamed and the inflammation does not go away or comes back frequently, according to WebMD. Chronic prostatitis comes in two different types: chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic nonbacterial prostatitis.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis is the result of recurrent urinary tract infections that have entered the prostate, according to WebMD. As of 2015, it is thought that most men who experience this type of prostatitis have the condition for several years before symptoms appear. The symptoms of this type of prostatitis are similar to acute prostatitis and include pain in the pelvis and genital area, painful urination and the feeling of needing to urinate often. However, in people with chronic prostatitis, the symptoms are less severe. This type of prostatitis is usually treated with antibiotics, given for a period of time anywhere between four and 12 weeks.
The second type of chronic prostatitis, called chronic nonbacterial prostatitis, is not caused by infection but results in a similar inflammation, states WebMD. As of 2015, it is not understood how the prostate becomes inflamed in this manner, though having an enlarged prostate or having an abnormal urinary system are risk factors. Treatment for this type of prostatitis is often difficult and could include long courses of antibiotics to ensure it is not caused by bacteria and drugs called alpha-adrenergic blockers, which relax the muscles of the prostate, according to MedlinePlus.