Some examples of over-the-counter chronic pain relievers include acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, according to Practical Pain Management. Chronic pain may need treatment with prescription medications, such as opioids, anti-depressants, corticosteroids and anti-seizure drugs.Continue Reading
Acetaminophen relieves pain but does not reduce inflammation, unlike NSAIDS, explains WebMD. Taking more than the recommended dose of acetaminophen can cause liver or kidney damage. NSAIDS, such as ibuprofen and aspirin, can provide chronic pain relief and are effective in the treatment of arthritis and headaches due to their anti-inflammatory properties, reports Practical Pain Management.
Opioids are a stronger class of medications that doctors sometimes prescribe for chronic pain when other medications are not effective, explains Practical Pain Management. Some examples of opioids include morphine, oxycodone and tramadol. Because of the risk for chemical dependency, health care providers must carefully monitor the use of opioids.
Tricyclic anti-depressants are effective at treating chronic pain associated with diabetic neuropathy, neck pain and fibromyalgia, according to Practical Pain Management. Anti-seizure medications, such as pregabalin and gabapentin, can also treat chronic pain because they suppress pain signals in the brain. Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve pain from migraines and arthritis as well as lower-back pain. Examples include prednisone and decatron.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins