Chronic microvascular ischemic change is a term that describes areas in the brain where tiny blood vessels have ruptured or clotted off, causing limited blood flow, or ischemia. It is a common finding in adults over 50 with certain chronic health conditions, such as high blood pressure, atherosclerosis or diabetes.Continue Reading
Brain ischemia occurs whenever blood flow to the brain is insufficient to meet metabolic demands. This results in decreased oxygen supply to brain tissue, which, in turn, causes tissue death. The medical term for this is cerebral infarction, or stroke. The term chronic cerebral ischemia describes a series of very small strokes that occur over a long time.
A stroke involving a large area of the brain typically causes severe injury and neurologic deficits, such as loss of vision, speech changes, paralysis and even death. However, in cases of chronic microvascular ischemia, the injured areas of the brain are so small and diffuse that few symptoms appear. Over time, some people with this condition experience minor deficits, such as cognitive changes, decreased memory or changes in vision. Research also indicates that long-term chronic ischemia possibly is associated with a more serious condition known as small vessel disease of the brain, a cause of age-related dementia.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Although it can be caused by several medical conditions, a diagnosis of chronic ischemic gliosis means that there are scars along the central nervous system that are impeding blood flow to the surrounding nerves, tissues and organs. Scars such as these, which are also called lesions, are present in many conditions such as multiple sclerosis and are often found after a stroke.Full Answer >
Ischemic colitis occurs when there is a lack of blood flow to the colon, which causes cells in the digestive system to become deprived of oxygen, according to Mayo Clinic. This results in abdominal pain and colon damage.Full Answer >
Chronic pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas that recurs or lasts for a long time, sometimes years, according to Mayo Clinic. The symptoms of this condition include pain in the upper abdomen, oily, foul-smelling stool and unintended weight loss.Full Answer >
Chronic nausea is the sensation of wanting to vomit periodically, sometimes only having the sensation and other times actually vomiting, states HealthHype.com. Chronic nausea may be exacerbated by certain foods, motion, hunger or stress.Full Answer >