People often fail to notice any signs or symptoms of chlamydia, but possible indications of infection are painful urination, penile or vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, testicular pain in men, and pain during intercourse in women, states Healthline. If the anus is affected, symptoms of pain, discharge and bleeding may occur from that area. Sore throat, cough or fever may indicate a chlamydia infection in the throat.
If chlamydia infection spreads to a woman's fallopian tubes, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, cautions Healthline. This is a life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical attention. It causes severe pain in the pelvis, fever, nausea and bleeding between periods. Even if pelvic inflammatory disease doesn't develop, untreated chlamydia can result in infertility in women due to scarring of the fallopian tubes.
In men, untreated chlamydia can cause epididymitis, a painful inflammation of the structure holding the testicles, notes Healthline. The prostate may also become infected, resulting in fever, lower back pain and painful intercourse.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease that spreads through unprotected genital contact with an infected person, explains Healthline. Babies can contract the disease from their infected mothers during the birth process, causing eye infections and pneumonia.
To diagnose the condition, the doctor obtains a sample for culture, either by swabbing the affected area or by using a urine sample. Antibiotics azithromycin and doxycycline easily treat chlamydia.