Changing a suprapubic catheter entails lubricating the new catheter to prepare for insertion, states MedlinePlus. Wearing two pairs of gloves, one deflates the balloon with a syringe and slowly removes the catheter. Taking off one pair of gloves, one inserts the catheter after urine flows, and inflates the balloon.
Patients should change suprapubic catheters every four to six weeks, according to MedlinePlus, washing their hands with soap and water prior to changing each catheter. The patient prepares and organizes all sterile supplies before beginning the process as it requires him to lay on his back. In addition, he sterilizes the site around the catheter before beginning.
The patient should insert the new catheter as deep as the original catheter and wait a few minutes for urine to flow, claims MedlinePlus. To inflate the balloon, patients use around 5 to 8 milliliters of sterile water. Doctors usually change the catheter the first time to show patients the process. Patients should call their doctor immediately if there are any problems or difficulties. Female patients insert the catheter into the urethra. Males insert through the urinary opening in the penis. Once the patient inserts the catheter and inflates the balloon, he attaches the drainage bag.
Patients clean the drainage bag once a day, according to WebMD, filling the bag with 2 parts vinegar and 3 parts water, and allowing the solution to sit in the bag for around 20 minutes. Patients should use an alternative bag during the cleaning process, and, after 20 minutes, drain the bag and allow it to air-dry.