To change a low platelet count, known as thrombocytopenia, treat the underlying health condition that is causing the thrombocytopenia; get a blood or platelet transfusion; or talk to a doctor about taking prescription medications, recommends Mayo Clinic. In some cases, surgery or a plasma exchange may be necessary to raise a low platelet count.
Thrombocytopenia does not always require treatment, notes Mayo Clinic. Sometimes the condition clears up naturally over time, or symptoms may not occur at all. Certain health conditions or medications can cause a low platelet count, so it may be necessary to speak to a doctor about the cause in order to find a proper solution.
Doctors often prescribe corticosteroids to treat low platelet counts, according to Mayo Clinic. If a corticosteroid is ineffective, a physician may recommend that you take stronger medicines to suppress the immune system. If other treatments don't seem to be working, it may be necessary to have a surgical procedure performed to move the spleen.
People who have a low platelet count should avoid activities that could cause physical harm, such as contact sports, recommends Mayo Clinic. Speak to a physician before consuming alcoholic beverages. Some over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, may interfere with platelet function, so they should be used with caution.